Facts About Sleep Apnea
Learn about detecting and treating sleep apnea
Facts About Sleep Apnea
Learn about detecting and treating sleep apnea

Facts About
Sleep Apnea

At least 12 million – 18 million adults in the U.S. have untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

Untreated sleep apnea increases the risk of death by four times

Untreated sleep apnea increases the risk of death from heart disease by five times

80% of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 have undiagnosed sleep apnea

30% of people with hypertension have sleep apnea

Untreated severe sleep apnea increases depression by 2.5 times and increases stroke by 3 times

Treatment of moderate and severe sleep apnea decreases the risk of heart attacks by 49 percent, strokes by 31 percent, and motor vehicle collisions by 52 percent

Sleep apnea and obesity are bidirectional. Untreated sleep apnea can make you feel hungry by increasing the hunger hormone, Ghrelin

10% weight gain is associated with 6 fold increased risk of sleep apnea

Treatment of moderate-to-severe OSA with CPAP therapy reduces the 10-year risk of motor vehicle collisions by 52 percent, heart attacks by 49 percent, and strokes by 31 percent

Patient Information

What is sleep apnea?

Airflow decreases or stops intermittently during sleep in patients with sleep apnea. There are two types of sleep apnea. In obstructive sleep apnea, airflow into lungs diminishes or stops intermittently during sleep due to the relaxation of muscles controlling the upper airway. In central sleep apnea, airflow diminishes or stops during sleep due to an abnormality in respiratory control from the brain.

Sleep Apnea vs. Normal Sleep

What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?

Restless sleep, morning headaches, snoring, witnessed apnea by the bed partner, frequently waking up at night from gasping or choking, day time fatigue, dry mouth, frequent urination at night, memory loss, poor concentration, and insomnia.

What are the risk factors for sleep apnea?

  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Large neck circumference
  • Male gender
  • Age
  • Alcohol
  • Sedative medications
  • Family history

What are the consequences of untreated sleep apnea?

Untreated sleep apnea can lead to numerous medical problems including heart attack, abnormal heart rhythm, uncontrolled hypertension, stroke, memory loss, and daytime fatigue. Untreated sleep apnea can also increase the risk of motor vehicle accidents from daytime sleepiness.

Why do I need treatment for sleep apnea?

Treatment for sleep apnea improves quality of life by restoring healthy sleep, increasing energy levels, improving daytime alertness and concentration, as well as reducing feelings of depression. Treatment also improves blood glucose control, blood pressure control, and reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

What are the treatment options for sleep apnea?

CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) and BIPAP (Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure) are the most effective treatment options for sleep apnea. Alternative options include oral appliances, mandibular advancement devices, weight loss, and upper airway surgeries such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), maxillomandibular advancement (MMA), and hypoglossal nerve stimulator placement.

Resources for patient education:

American Academy of Sleep Medicine

National Sleep Foundation

National Library of Medicine

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

American Sleep Apnea Association

Start Sleeping Better, Start Living Better!

Start finding the answers to your sleep problems today.

Start Sleeping Better, Start Living Better!

Start finding the answers to your sleep problems today.